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#13-03 Camden Medical Centre, 1 Orchard Boulevard, Singapore 248649
(65) 6738 2000
Thyroid Eye Disease
What is Thyroid Eye Disease?
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an eye condition related to thyroid disease. Patients with excessive thyroid hormone in the circulation (hyperthyroidism) can develop eye diseases and they may have any of the following symptoms:
  • Bulging or prominent eyes
  • Eyelid retraction (“staring appearance”)
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Frequent redness and tearing of the eyes
  • Dry eyes
  • Double vision due to swelling and stiffness of the eye muscles
  • Loss of vision from the compression of the optic nerve (rare but serious complication)
What causes Thyroid Eye Disease?
Thyroid eye disease is part of an autoimmune disease that affects the tissues surrounding the eye. The body produces antibodies that attack its own tissues, specifically the fat around the eyes and the eye muscles. It can precede, coincide or follow the diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction of the rest of the body. It is known to be about 2.5-6x more common in women, however it is usually more severe when it occurs in a male.
Treatment of Thyroid Eye Disease
The treatment depends on the severity and activity of the condition. The condition typically goes through a cycle of active phase followed by a quiescent phase which can span over 18 to 24 months from the time of the diagnosis.
If the condition is mild and the main symptoms are dry eyes, then copious and frequent lubricants will be prescribed. Should the condition be active and severe, the patient may require suppression of the immune system either with oral or intravenous steroids or other forms of immune suppression. Usually surgery is reserved for the more serious conditions, where there could be compression of the optic nerve and compromise of the vision, or severe exposure of the eyes from extreme protrusion of the eyes. Other forms of surgery may be needed if the double vision from tight muscles is persistent, or if eyelid surgery is required to lower the eyelid and reduce exposure of the eyes.
Contact Information
Eye & Aesthetic Surgeons
#13-03 Camden Medical Centre
1 Orchard Boulevard
Singapore 248649
Tel: (65) 6738 2000 | Fax: (65) 6738 2111
Email: info@ers.clinic
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